Laser Safety Manual

Directory of Service and Emergency Providers 3
A. Introduction 7
Setting Up a Laser Laboratory 7
Laser Safety Overview 7
Transmission and Absorption 8
Reflection 8
Classes of Lasers 8
Class 1 and 1M Lasers 9
Class 2 and 2M Lasers 9
Class 3R Lasers 9
Class 3B Lasers 10
Class 4 Lasers 10
Lasers Classified Under Previous Standards 10
Embedded Lasers 11
Administrative Responsibilities 11
Specific Administrative Responsibilities 12
Laser Operator 12
Principal Investigator 12
Departments 13
EH&S and ESH&A 14
B. Process Planning 15
General Requirements for Laser Operations 15
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) 16
Special Procedures 17
Laser Control Areas 17
Temporary Laser Control Areas 18
C. Authorization Process 21
Application for Initial Use 21
Information on User(s) 21
Project Description 21
Facility Description 21
Review and Approval of Application 22
Application to Amend Use 22
Ordering Lasers and Laser Systems 22
D. Emergency Planning 23
Postings and Signage 23
E. Equipment 25
Use of Engineering Controls 25
Specific Engineering Controls 25
Personal Protective Equipment 26
Eye Protection 26
Skin Protection 28
F. Training 29
Laser Safety Training (Initial) 29
Retraining 29
Laser Safety Awareness Training 29
Laser Laboratory Specific Training 29
G. Laser Safety Practices 31
Work Area Safety Practices 31
Laser Use Safety Practices 31
Outdoor Laser Use Safety Practices 33
H. Safety Practices for Specific Hazards 34
Beam Hazards 34
Non-Beam Hazards 34
Electrical Hazards 34
Biological Agents 35
Chemical Hazards 35
Collateral Radiation 35
Compressed Gases 36
Cryogenic Liquids 36
Electric, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields 36
Explosion Hazards 36
Fire Hazards 37
Laser-Generated Air Contaminates (LGAC) 37
Plasma Emissions 37
UV and Visible Radiation 37
I. Disposal and Transfer of Lasers 38
Unwanted Lasers and Laser Systems 38
On-Campus Transfer of Lasers and Laser Systems 38
Off-Campus Transfer of Lasers and Laser Systems 38
Laser Laboratory Waste 39
J. Medical Surveillance and Exposure Assessment 40
Medical Surveillance – Ames Laboratory Personnel 40
Work-Related Injuries, Illnesses and Exposures 41
Reporting 41
Student Accidents and Injuries 42
Medical Emergencies 42
Glossary 43
Non-discrimination Statement 46
RkJQdWJsaXNoZXIy OTE0NzY=