Radiation Safety Manual

Directory of Service and Emergency Providers 3
Table of Acronoyms 8
A. Introduction 9
B. Regulatory Requirements 10
University Policy 10
C. Administrative Controls 11
Environmental Health and Safety 11
Radiation Safety Committee 11
Radiation Safety Officer 11
University Compliance Committees 12
Animals - Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) 12
Biohazards - Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) 12
Humans - Institutional Review Board (IRB) 12
Radiation - Radiation Safety Committee (RSC) 12
D. Process Planning 13
Authorization Process 13
Personnel Information 13
Facility Description 14
Project Description 14
Research Centers 15
Review and Approval of Application 15
Summary of the Radiation Authorization Application, Review and Approval Process 16
Radiation Authorization Amendments 16
Adding Authorized Personnel 16
Approval in Concept 17
Authorization Termination and Laboratory Closure 17
E. Training Requirements 18
Radioactive Material Users 19
Awareness Training for Laboratory Personnel 19
Service Personnel Working in a Radiation Laboratory 19
Minors Visiting or Completing Work in a Radiation Laboratory 20
Laboratory Specific Training 20
F. Responsibilities 21
Responsibilities of the Principal Investigator 21
Responsibilities of the Authorized Personnel 22
G. Obtaining Radioactive Material 23
Ordering Radioactive Material 23
Radioactive Material Ordering Procedures: 23
Receipt and Delivery of Radioactive Material 24
Receipt of Free/Gifted/Evaluation Materials and Devices 25
H. Security, Storage, Transfer, and Transportation of Radioactive Materials 26
Security of Radioactive Material 26
Storage of Radioactive Material: RAM Sources, Labeled Materials and Waste 26
On-Campus Transfers of RAM 26
Off-Campus RAM Transfers 27
Transportation of Radioactive Material 27
Transportation of RAM on Public Roadways 27
Package Preparation 28
Other important considerations 28
Transportation of RAM or Devices 28
Temporary Job Sites and Remote Locations 28
Reciprocal Licensing 29
I. Radioactive Waste 30
Radioactive Waste Handling 30
Summary of solid waste criteria 30
Summary of liquid waste criteria 30
Other important considerations 31
Disposal of Equipment with Embedded Sources 31
Radioactive Waste Minimization 32
J. Personnel Exposure 33
Occupational Dose Limits 33
External Dose 33
Internal Dose 33
Sum Of External and Internal Doses 33
Regulatory Dose Limits to Declared Pregnant Workers 34
Occupational Dose Limits for Minors 35
Regulatory Limits for Dose to Individual Members of the Public 35
K. Personnel Monitoring 36
Personnel Dosimeters 36
Whole Body 36
Extremity/Ring 36
Bioassays 37
ALARA and Personnel Exposure Records/Reports 37
L. Laboratory Safety 38
Facility Requirements 38
Procedures, Practices, and Rules for the Safe Use of Radioactive Materials 39
Approved Locations and Equipment 40
Contamination Surveys by Authorized Personnel 40
Annual Reviews 41
Radioactive Material Audits 41
Radioactive Material Surveys 41
M. Emergency & Decontamination Procedures 42
Minor Spills and Contaminations 42
Major Spills and Contaminations 42
Restricting Access to Areas Due to RAM Contamination 43
Accidents Involving Radioactive Material 43
Decontamination Procedures 44
Clean-up of Radioactive Contamination and Legacy Materials or Devices 45
N. Other Uses of Radioactive Materials 46
Radioiodination 46
Animal and Biological Specimen Use 46
Environmental Releases 46
Appendix I - Guidelines for the Safe Use of Radionuclides 47
Appendix II - Dictionary and Glossary 61
Non-Discrimination Statement 69
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