Shop Safety Manual

14 Shop Safety • Extension cords are to be used only for temporary use (less than 72 hours). • Electrical equipment used within six feet of water or in wet/ damp environments must be plugged into a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI). • Do not connect multiple pieces of equipment to the same power source. Shop equipment should be plugged directly into a wall outlet and not a multi-plug power strip. • Grasp the plug to remove it from the socket – never pull the cord. • Always unplug electrical equipment before attempting any repair or maintenance. Hand, Portable, and Stationary Power Tools Hand tools are non-powered tools such as saws, screw drivers, hammers, chisels and wrenches. Hand tools should be properly maintained after each use. Portable power tools are powered by an electrical power source (cord or battery) or gasoline. Examples include: drill, circular saw, grinder, router, jigsaw, and sander. Pneumatic tools are powered by compressed air. These include: drill, impact wrench, grinder, ratchet, sander, and a cut-off tool. Stationary power tools are large, non-portable and powered by sources such as electricity, gravity, pneumatic, or hydraulics. Maintain an inventory of power tools and equipment using the Equipment Inventory Form. Follow these guidelines for general tool safety: • Use a tool for its intended purpose and only if you have been trained on the tool. • Inspect all toolsbeforeuse. Repair or replace themwhendamaged or defective and report problems to the shop supervisor. • Keep tools sharp. • Direct sharp cutting tools away from yourself and others • Keep all guards in place. • Avoid distractions and pay attention when operating power tools. • Do not rely on strength to perform an operation. The correct tool, blade, and method should not require excessive force. • Never reach into the point of operation while equipment is running. • Disconnectorunplugthepowersourcebeforeclearingjamsorblockages. • Never disable or tamper with safety releases or switches. • Whenever possible use a push stick or pad to move material through a machine. Note: Use the right tool for the job.